Wires and cables, equipments, motors, generators and transformers have a dominant share in electrical industry. In addition to this, electrical equipments such as medium voltage breakers, relays, low voltage panels and cells, ceramic insulators, contactors, fuses, interior installation materials and lighting materials are produced. It also supports, engineering, projects planning and contracting industries. Agriculture, transportation, etc. The electrical sector, which is multi-layered and multidimensional in nature, directly affects all business lines and sectors and carefully monitored by all over the world.
It is the business sector that designs, develops, produces and markets motor vehicles. More than 90 million motor vehicles are produced annually on average. Apart from the automotive sector itself, it creates a wide business and employment in the marketing, dealers, service, fuel, finance and insurance sectors that enable and support the raw materials, sub-industry and automotive products. High standards regarding the environment and safety in developed markets and consumer demands lead to an intensive technological development in the automotive industry. On the other hand, in the automotive industry, the subject of technology development is an issue that requires strategic plans. The automotive industry is expected to move towards electric vehicles, both in terms of being environmentally friendly and reducing fuel costs.
This sector consists of indispensable sub-services groups such as R&D, maintenance and repair services, and fuel supply services. Air transport is a sector that shows very fast technological and structural changes. On the one hand, large-capacity, fuel-saving, low-noise and emission-level aircraft are being developed, and on the other hand, the production of small-capacity aircraft, which are more suitable for regional transportation, is also continuing rapidly. As a result, the aviation sector, which enables the transportation of passengers and high value-added products as quickly as possible, is constantly increasing and has a dominant role in the development of both countries and all sectors.
The chemical industry has an important role in both production and trade as an industry that supplies intermediate goods and raw materials to many sectors. There are very few products produced from the chemical industry without using raw materials. In this context; pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, veterinary drugs, synthetic fibers, soap, detergent, cleaners, plastic raw materials, human pharmaceutical industry, cosmetics industry, paint, auxiliary materials, leather, textile, construction (pipe, sheet, door, window, etc.) provides final and intermediate products to many industries such as adhesives, joints, fillers, insulation materials, photo materials, gunpowder and explosives. The production stages of each group should be carefully examined and a production line should be created in line with the relevant quality standards.
Plastic production continues its rapid development all over the world due to its high resource efficiency, low production and recovery cost and rich design and application. Plastics are considered a global success story. Plastic is made from a chemical material that can be used instead of natural ingredients with the use of hard rubber. 90% of the Plastics Sector inputs are supplied from the petrochemical industry. The most important consumers of plastic are packaging and construction sectors, as well as plastic is used extensively in many fields such as automotive, electrical, white goods and shoes. In short, plastic products are consumed in sectors requiring high technology as well as very simple uses.
Approximately 90 percent of world trade is realized by sea transportation. Marine sector as a trade, with some exceptions, is carried out with more than 70 thousand ships, registered in more than 150 countries, with almost a million seafarers from almost every nation, in a completely free competitive environment. With this feature, marine sector is considered as a strategic sector in the world. Therefore, the marine sector is a sector that directly affects all sectors.
The machinery manufacturing industry has an important place in the manufacturing industry. This sector is categorized and known as “Engineering industry” or “Mechanical engineering industry” in the world. The machinery manufacturing industry gives input to almost all sectors of the manufacturing industry, it becomes the driving force of these sectors. The development of machinery manufacturing is intertwined with the development of other manufacturing industry. This is true in others, as it produces investment goods in many sectors. The industry, which provides the main machinery and equipment of the automotive industry, metal goods industry, textile industry, metal industry investments in particular, determines the speed of development and production compositions according to new requirements and demands. It becomes the driving force of the industry with new machine manufacturing.
The defense industry or arms industry consists of a commercial industry involved in the research and development, engineering, production and service of military equipment and facilities. The defense industry is in parallel with the need for raw materials and sub-industry, as well as industrial products. Studies in the fields such as aviation and space, electrical and electronics, informatics, R&D and engineering, general materials, molded materials and parts industry are available within the defense industry.
Iron-Steel sector has an important point in the development of various industries. In particular, the Iron-Steel sector pioneered in front of other sectors and continues to do so. The sector is of great importance due to its characteristics such as the widespread use of steel products, increasing consumption in every day, and producing intermediate goods for the manufacturing industry. Iron-Steel sector is a sector where iron ore is produced by pouring, forging, rolling, drawing and similar methods, starting from the concentration, following the extraction of iron ore from underground. It is observed that the importance of the iron and steel industry is increasing more and more. As a result of the rapid developments in iron and steel production, an industrial revolution has taken place and great developments have occurred in the field of technology.
Energy sector resources are classified in a variety of ways, based on a number of criteria, in line with their usage and purpose. It is divided into two in terms of the way it is obtained. “A type” of renewable group and as a physical origin in it, solar, wind, stream, thermal and kinetic energy of the seas; as a chemical origin in it, plants, vegetables and animal wastes. “B type” non-renewable group fuel fossils coal, lignite, crude oil, natural gas; mines contain uranium, thorium. Technological developments worldwide reduce renewable energy costs day by day. The combination of cheap renewable energy technologies, digital applications and the increase in the role of energy is the driving force of the change towards achieving energy production targets.
The Civil Sector, which often takes the role of a leverage for the national economies with its added value and employment opportunities, has a special importance. Because today, civil is evaluated to include not only the construction of the environment but also all the activities that contribute to maintenance, repair and operation. Civil engineering is no longer perceived only as the installation of the building; It also means environmentally friendly, socially responsible, transparent and sustainable production that directly affects social life and social structure.
Energy is an indispensable input for almost all processes that are necessary for us to sustain our social lives; It is used in industry, transportation, housing and commercial sub-sectors. While the energy consumed in the world is obtained from many energy sources today; Fossil resources such as oil, natural gas and coal make up 86% of these resources. Petroleum has the biggest share in the world"s primary energy consumption, especially as the main energy source of the transportation sector. Natural gas and coal, which follow oil, are largely used in electricity generation. According to various projections, it is predicted that oil and natural gas will maintain their share in primary energy consumption in the long term.